In order to secure hard currency and float the social programs that define Cuba, the government uses a unique, bizarre two-currency system. Tourist and luxury goods are paid for in an alternate currency which is pegged to the dollar and wholly separate from the peso that most Cubans use for everyday goods. This may be an economically sound choice for the government of Cuba, but it comes at a tremendous ethical and ideological cost to the ideal of the Cuban Revolution and what it means to be Cuban.
It is acknowledged that the double currency widens the economic gap between Cuban haves and have-nots, but it also has the danger to separate these two worlds much further. Farmers, professors, and doctors do not have the means to obtain the more valuable tourist currency, and therefore cannot obtain the goods that Cubans who earn tourist dollars can afford. The nightlife scene in Havana provides the most striking example of this problem- as more and more bars adjust prices to what tourists and Cubans earning tourist dollars can afford, going out becomes more cost prohibitive for Cubans that earn pesos.
The double currency has opened a chasm in Cuban society, and runs counter to the goals of a socialist state or any reasonable state in the twenty-first century. Until it is done away with, currency apartheid will continue to decide which Cubans will possess mobility and opportunity, and who will be left out.